Gum disease is caused by plaque bacteria, which forms naturally on the tooth surface. Plaque bacteria can cause damage to the gums and the bone supporting the tooth. The majority of people have some form of gum disease ranging from mild to severe.
Why are healthy gums important?
Healthy teeth rely on healthy gums for support. Gum disease causes sensitivity, pain, bleeding gums, puffy gums, infection and eventually loss of teeth. More teeth are lost through gum disease than through tooth decay.